Judges 19 to 21 — Prophetic Interpretation


One of the amazing things that I have found about the Bible is that it a thematically consistent book. It has over 40 authors on three continents spanning 15 centuries that all have the same message. In this post, we will examine how Judges 19 foretells the story of Jesus, how Judges 21 parallels the 1260-day prophecy, and how Judges 22 through the book of First Samuel cover the events leading up to the second coming of Jesus Christ.

Note: This post has a lot of references to different prophecies of Daniel and Revelation, and assumes that you're already familiar with the Adventist interpretation of these passages. If you'd like to learn more, feel free to hit me up, and I can walk you through them.

Judges 19 – The Story of Jesus

In Judges 19, we are given some background of this story.

And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the mount of Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehem Judah. Judges 19:1

This parallels the accounts of Jesus' birth in Luke 1-2 and Matthew 1. Watch this.

First, it states one of the problems: There is no king sitting on the throne of Israel. What would eventually be the capital of Israel, Jerusalem, was partly inhabited by Benjamites, and partly inhabited by Jebusites who ruled in the stronghold (see Judges 1:21, 1 Chronicles 11:4-9). At the time of Jesus, there was no son of Judah or of David on the throne, and the Jews were ruled by the Roman Empire by a mixed Jewish-pagan government in Jerusalem.

Next, we are told that there was a marriage between a Levite (someone of the priestly class, Exodus 28:1-3) and a Jew (someone of the kingly tribe, see Gen 49:8-10). If we think about Jesus, He was someone who took on a rule as our High Priest (Hebrews 2:17, 4:14) and is our King (Mark 15:32, 1 Timothy 6:15, Revelation 19:16, Ephesians 1:20-22). It's already well known that both of the genealogies of Jesus in Matthew 1 and Luke 3 are written to demonstrate that Jesus the son of Joseph descended from the tribe of Judah, but as I was doing research in this project, I was surprised to learn that Jesus the son of Mary was also a descendant of Aaron (see Luke 1:5 and Luke 1:36), though likely on Mary's mother's side.

The story then says that there were suspicions that the woman in this story played the whore (although Old Testament scholars suggest that there may not have been any sexual infidelity, just that there were disagreements between the spouses) (Judges 19:2, Matthew 1:18-19). In the midst of these allegations, the wife goes and spends time with her family in a city in Judah (Luke 1:39). Eventually, the husband goes on a journey to Bethlehem to be with his wife (Judges 19:3, Luke 2:4).

After several days, they depart Bethlehem and avoid Jerusalem for fear of what will befall them at the hands of the pagan inhabitants of Jerusalem (Matthew 2:13, Judges 19:11). They next seek to enter a dwelling place of their fellow Israeliites, but they are not able to find a dwelling place (Matthew 8:20, Luke 9:58, Judges 19:15). Finally, someone is willing to take them into their home in a city very close to Jerusalem (Matthew 21:17, John 11:11-12, Judges 19:20), where the members of that house wash the guest's feet (Judges 19:21, John 11:11, John 13:5) and they eat (Matthew 26:26) and drink (Matthew 26:27). In the middle of the night, men from the town come and try to seize the guests.

The guests are abused all night long. With the abuse of Jesus, it started with a kiss (Luke 22:48), they forcefully seized him, they spit in his face, struck him (Matthew 26:67), beat him (Matthew 27:26). After they had finished mocked Him (Matthew 27:31), they release Him. Jesus is able to walk some distance, but as a result of all of the physical trauma that He suffered, He collapses (Matthew 27:31-32, Mark 15:20-21, Luke 23:26, Judges 19:26).

We know in the story of Jesus that after His life and death, He commissioned His disciples to take the news of His resurrection to the twelve tribes of Israel, and this was the founding of the church of the 1260-day prophecy. In the story of the Levite and his concubine, after her life and death, the Levite commissioned twelve messengers to take the news of what had happened to the twelve tribes of Israel, and this was the founding of the army in the following chapter.

Judges 20 - 1260-day Prophecy

In the prophecy of Daniel 7, we find God's people divided into 10 "horns." (Daniel 7:24). Revelation 13:1 explains that there were crowns on the horns which had blasphemous names, and we know from Judges 17-18 that all of the tribes of Israel were deeply involved with idol worship and other abominable practices of the 7 Canaanite tribes they had driven out. During this time, another small horn (the tribe of Benjamin) arose up (Daniel 7:24) and subdued three kings (in Judges 20, Benjamin won three battles, Judges 20:21, 25, 31-32).

During this time, Benjamin was oppressing the rest of God's people for a "time, times, and half a time" (Daniel 7:25). Now, check this out. Benjamin won a battle on the first day in Judges 20:21 ("time"). The next day, Israel went to war again, and Benjamin won. However, Israel didn't immediately go to battle again the next day, but instead went to Shiloh to seek God's face. So Benjamin's second victory lasted two days ("times"). Israel went to battle again on the third day (Judges 20:30), and in the first half of the day, it appeared that Benjamin was winning (Judges 20:32). However, halfway through the day, Israel rose up out of an ambush and subdued the Benjamite army (Judges 20:33). So Benjamin's third victory only lasted half a day ("half a time"). So Benjamin oppressed God's people for a "time, times, and half a time" (Daniel 7:25). At the end of this oppression, Benjamin suffered a mortal wound (Revelation 13:3) where it appeared that Benjamin was all but wiped out. However, in Judges 21, Israel felt remorse, and through their actions, they found a way for that deadly wound to be healed.

1 Samuel - End Time Prophecies

It's interesting to note that the very tribe that persecuted the other tribes in Judges 20, is the tribe from whence a king arises in 1 Samuel. Saul, the Benjamite, was from the town of Gibeah. In Revelation 13, the last-day persecution comes again from the power that persecuted God's church in the medieval age. In fact, Saul in 1 Samuel begins to take on priestly roles that were forbidden of him, and he begins to associate with witchcraft/sorcery near the end if his reign (Revelation 9:21, 18:23), and persecutes the son of David (Revelation 22:16).

I'm sure there's a gold mine of other prophecies to be found between 1 Samuel and Revelation. If you find any, please let me know in the comment section below!